Children's Web Site
Children's Question Room
  What Kind of Company is Toyota?
How Are Cars Made?
Making Cars that Are Environmentally-friendly
Why We Make Eco Cars
Why We Make Eco Cars
Hybrid Cars
Fuel Cell Vehicles
Helping to Protect the Environment
Car Recycling Efforts
Environmentally-friendly Car Manufacturing Factories
Animations of the entire process
Making Cars that Are People-friendly
Return to the Children's Web Site homepage
Making Cars that Are Environmentally-friendly
Why We Make Eco Cars
Hybrid Cars

Hybrid Cars

Let's watch an animation
What's a hybrid car?
A hybrid car is a car that has two kinds of power: 1) an engine that runs on gasoline and 2) a motor that runs on electricity.
  Hybrid means a combination of two different things.
Because they make good use of a gasoline engine and electric motor...
They produce less emissions and use less gasoline.
Wow! They're really gentle on the environment, aren't they!
Let's meet some of the hybrid car family!


*Cars sold in Japan
Toyota makes and sells environmentally-friendly hybrid cars in Japan and in other countries so that many different people can drive them. As of January 2017, over 10 million Toyota hybrid cars had been sold around the world.  
Cumulative Number of Toyota Hybrid Cars Sold (in the World)
In 1997, the Prius was introduced as the first commercially produced hybrid car!
The different parts of the Prius hybrid car
The Prius gets its power from both a gasoline engine and a motor.
Really? The Prius does a good job of using both power sources. It's not like regular cars.

The engine runs on gasoline; the motor runs on electricity. Because of this, in hybrid cars, there are several special parts, in addition to the engine, that you don't find in regular cars. For example there is an electrical generator that powers the motor; a battery thatstores the electricity produced by the generator; and a power control unit that makes sure that the electricity produced is used effectively.

Hybrid Transaxle
and High Speed Motor

Power Control Unit


But you still drive it the same way as a regular car!
Depending on the driving conditions, hybrid cars either use only the motor to run or conserve fuel by combining the advantages of both the engine and the motor.
The Prius automatically decides how to use the engine and motor in the most efficient way, in line with the driving conditions at the time.
The Prius can drive 40.8 km* on a single liter of gas.
* Measured using the JC08 test cycle of the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT); applicable to E grade vehicles only
Fuel efficiency means the number of kilometer a car can travel on one liter of gasoline. The longer the distance travelled, the better the fuel efficiency will tend to be.
まめちしきThe Prius uses many new ideas.
This color, ?Thermo-Tect Lime Green?, is able to suppress heat from the sun?s rays from heating up the surfaces of the car.
There are lots of secret ways that the shape of the Prius improves air resistance.
The shape of the car offers a low air resistance, and wind glides smoothly over the car.
The Prius is equipped with a cover underneath the body of the car so the wind travels smoothly.

A plug-in hybrid you can recharge at home! The Prius PHV
The plug-in hybrid is a hybrid car with a battery that can be charged from an outlet in your home. Also, by increasing the battery size compared to the past, the distance the car can go using the motor (electricity) is much farther than regular hybrid cars and the highest speed using just the motor is faster. By increasing the distance that it can run on its electric motor, the amount of gasoline used and the amount of CO2 emitted can be reduced.* There is also a decrease in other exhaust emissions such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxide, which means less air pollution.*
But if you use up all of the stored electricity that you charged while at home and can no longer run the car in electric mode, you can still drive it like other hybrid cars, using a combination of the gasoline engine and motor. That means that you don't need to about how much charge is left in the battery when you go on long drives.

* Depending on the weather and driving conditions (whether the air conditioner is used and so on), the engine runs and gasoline is used.
Short everyday trips in town Long trips and driving at higher speeds during the weekends and on holidays
Run as an electric car, mainly using the motor (depending on the conditions, the engine may also turn on) Like conventional hybrid cars, runs using both a gasoline engine and a motor.  
You can use it without worrying about how much charge is left in the battery or where the nearest recharging station is.
When decelerating and braking, the motor becomes a generator and the battery is automatically charged.
Return to the top of this page